Internationally These 4 Powerful Countries Can Influence the Direction of the War in Gaza News – 2 hours ago

Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – The conflict between Israel and the Palestinian Gaza militia group, Hamas, has in fact dragged in several major world powers such as the United States (US), Britain, Russia and China.

Several superpowers, which are divided into the Western bloc and the Eastern bloc, have different views regarding one of the longest conflicts in the Middle East.

The following are the views of the four countries on the Israel-Hamas conflict.


1. United States (US)

The US emphasized its position in supporting Israel in what it called its right to defend itself and condemned Hamas attacks. US President Joe Biden immediately gave this support to Prime Minister (PM) Benjamin Netanyahu during his visit to Israel.

Biden, during that visit, even stated firmly that he was a Zionist. A US official source who attended the meeting said Biden’s statement was greeted with nods from Israeli politicians and generals.

This support was also provided in the deployment of a US aircraft carrier approaching Gaza. Last week, the US DPR also approved a military aid package worth US$ 14.3 billion (Rp. 222 trillion) for Israel in the midst of the Gaza war.

Even so, Biden also seems to be thinking about Palestine’s path to independence. He emphasized this in an interview in mid-October. The 80-year-old President made this statement in the midst of preparations for Israeli troops to carry out a ground attack on the region.

When asked by the CBS news program 60 Minutes whether he would support any occupation of Gaza by America’s ally Israel, Biden replied “I think it would be a big mistake”. However, he stressed that Hamas, which currently controls the Gaza region, “does not represent the entire Palestinian people”.

He also agreed with efforts to “eliminate Hamas”. When asked again whether Hamas should be eliminated, Biden said “yes”.

“But there must be a Palestinian authority. There must be a path to a Palestinian state,” he continued, repeating the long-standing US call for a two-state solution.

2. England

Similar to the US, the UK also takes a position supporting Israel and condemning Hamas. British PM Rishi Sunak has even paid a visit to Israel to provide his support to PM Netanyahu.

London also sent a surveillance plane, two Navy support ships and around 100 Marines to areas near Israel and Gaza.

Domestically, Britain banned the use of Palestinian-supporting slogans such as From The River to The Sea, Palestine Will Be Free. The British Labor Party on Monday last week suspended Member of Parliament Andy McDonald for using the phrase in his speech at a pro-Palestinian rally.

The Football Association in England has banned players from using the slogan on their personal social media accounts. British Home Secretary Suella Braverman described the pro-Palestinian demonstrations as “hate marches” and warned that the slogans should be interpreted as indicating a violent desire to eliminate Israel.

3. Russia

In contrast to Washington and London, Russia takes a more neutral approach to the Israel and Hamas conflict. Moscow has not condemned Hamas and continues to advocate a ceasefire between the two.

At the start of the conflict, the Spokesperson for the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Maria Zakharova, said the escalation of the conflict in the region was a consequence of non-compliance with international regulations governing the establishment of an independent Palestinian state based on the 1967 borders.

Moreover, Moscow believes that Palestine and Israel should start negotiations immediately. Russia also urged both sides to abandon violence and ceasefire.

Meanwhile, in its latest statement, Russia on Monday called for an end to fighting in Gaza and said the resumption of Palestinian-Israeli talks was essential to avoid the risk of a wider war and an increase in “terrorist activity”.

“The current priority is the immediate cessation of hostilities in Gaza,” the Russian Foreign Ministry said. “Otherwise, we will face the risk of radicalization and increased terrorist activity as well as the danger of conflicts expanding their geographic territory.”

4. China

Beijing, which has diplomatic relations with Israel and Palestine, has sent its Middle East envoy, Zhai Jun. But neither Chinese President Xi Jinping nor his Foreign Minister, Wang Yi, have visited the region since the outbreak of fighting.

Xi has called for a ceasefire while Wang said that the source of the conflict “lies in the fact that justice has not been served against the Palestinian people” and that “collective punishment” against the Palestinian people must end.

China has historically supported the Palestinian cause for decades, as did the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Recently, China has sought to balance closer ties with Israel with its broader diplomatic efforts to gain allies in the Arab world.

On the other hand, there is hope that China can take advantage of its close ties with Iran, which supports Hamas in Gaza and Hezbollah in Lebanon, to defuse tensions. US officials reportedly pressured Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi to “urge for calm” towards Iran, which backs both groups.

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