Is it true that lack of sleep can increase the risk of gout? Lifestyle – 2 hours ago


Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – Busy daily activities make most people feel that 24 hours a day is not enough. This is characterized by many individuals who are active for dozens of hours and have little time to sleep.


Not only busy activities, stress can also trigger sleep disorders. As a result, the time that can be used to rest becomes less.

The emergence of various health problems due to lack of sleep is an open secret that is often heard in society. One disease that is often said to arise due to lack of sleep is gout.

So, is it true that lack of sleep can increase the risk of gout?

Gout is arthritis that can affect anyone. This disease, which is also known as hyperuricemia, is characterized by increased uric acid levels in the body so that they exceed normal limits.

According to the Mayo Clinic, gout can occur suddenly with symptoms of burning of the big toe and intense joint pain, the joint feels hot, red, swollen, making it difficult to move.

A study found that sleep apnea or a sleep disorder in the form of stopping breathing due to blocked respiratory tract can trigger gout complaints.

In a study published in Arthritis and Rheumatology, scientists examined British health database records to compare people with and without the sleep disorder sleep apnea. In detail, the researchers selected 9,865 people with an average age of 54 years who had sleep apnea and matched them with a control group consisting of 43,958 people without sleep apnea.

After one year, about 50 percent of people with sleep apnea were more at risk of having a gout attack when compared with the control group.

The exact nature of the relationship between gout and sleep apnea remains unknown. However, there are two possibilities and they are interrelated. First, both conditions have the same risk factors such as being overweight.

“While it is not clear how being overweight is associated with gout, many people who suffer from this condition tend to be overweight,” said Dr. Robert Shmerling, quoted Wednesday (6/12/2023).

Furthermore, another theory that is linked is the hypoxia factor or a condition that can arise as a complication of sleep apnea, namely that oxygen levels in the body decrease during sleep.

According to Dr. Shmerling, this can cause cell and tissue damage. As a result, uric acid levels in the body are at risk of increasing.

So, what about people who don’t suffer from sleep apnea?

According to Dr. Shmerling, someone who does not suffer from sleep apnea is also at risk of experiencing gout attacks at night. This is because lower body temperature and dehydration that occur during sleep are considered to be able to trigger the appearance of gout.

“Crystals are more likely to crystallize at lower temperatures, and dehydration can prevent excess uric acid from being excreted from the body,” said Dr. Shmerlings.

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